Recommended Readings

Reading list from Prof. Chuck Eesley for Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).

1. Entrepreneurship

1.1 “Classics of entrepreneurship”
1.   Roberts, E. B. (1991). Entrepreneurs in high technology: Lessons from MIT and beyond. New York: Oxford University Press.
2.   Kirzner, Israel M., 1979, Perception, Opportunity, and Profit; Studies in the Theory of Entrepreneurship, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Read: pp 154-181;
3.   Kirzner, Israel M., 1972, Competition and Entrepreneurship, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Read: pp 125-134 (after you read Schumpeter)
4.   Knight, Frank, 1921, Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1921. Read: Part III, chapter 9 and chapter 10. Skim chapter 7. p. 265-
5.   Schumpeter, Joseph A., 1988, Essays in Entrepreneurs, Innovations, Business Cycles, and the Evolution of Capitalism (R. Clemence, editor), Piscataway, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers. Read: pp 253-271
6.   Schumpeter, J. A., 1942, Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy, New York: Harper Brothers. Read: pp 72-106
7.   Say, Jean-Baptiste, 2001 (1836), A Treatise on Political Economy, Piscataway, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers. Read: Book 1, pp 61-85.
8.   Shane S., (2003) A general theory of entrepreneurship: the individual-opportunity nexus in New Horizons in Entrepreneurship series, Edward Elgar Publishing.
1.1.1 Underlying Economic Perspectives – IO / Labor
9.   B. Jovanovic, “Selection and the Evolution of Industry,” Econometrica, (May 1982), pp. 649-670.
10. Gromb, Denis, and David Scharfstein, 2002, Entrepreneurship in equilibrium. Working
Paper no. 9001, National Bureau of Economic Research.
11. Khilstrom, R., and Jean-Jacques Laffont, 1979, A general equilibrium entrepreneurial theory of firm formation based on risk aversion, Journal of Political Economy 87, 719-748.
12. Lazear, Edward P., 2002, Entrepreneurship. Journal of Labor Economics 23, 649-680.
13. S. Berry and J. Waldfogel, “Free Entry and Social Inefficiency in Radio Broadcasting,” Rand
Journal of Economics, 30 (Autumn 1999), pp. 397-420.
14. T. Dunne, M. Roberts, and L. Samuelson, “Patterns of Firm Entry and Exit in U.S. Manufacturing,” Rand Journal of Economics, 19 (Winter 1988), pp. 495-515.
15. P. Golder and G. Tellis, “Pioneer Advantage: Marketing Logic or Marketing Legend,” Journal of Marketing Research, 30 (May 1993), pp. 158-170.
16. Baumol, William J., 1990, Entrepreneurship: Productive, unproductive, and destructive, Journal of Political Economy 98, 893-921.
17. Kortum, Samuel, and Josh Lerner, 2000, Assessing the impact of venture capital on innovation, Rand Journal of Economics 31, 674-692.

1.2 The Sources of Entrepreneurship
18. Anton, James J., and Dennis A. Yao, 1995, Start-ups, spin-offs, and internal projects, Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 11, 362-378.
19. Bhide, Amar, 2000, The Origin and Evolution of New Business, New York: Oxford University Press, chapters I, 1, and 2.
20. Gompers, Paul, Josh Lerner, and David Scharfstein, 2005, Entrepreneurial spawning, Journal of Finance 60, 577-614.
21. Burton, D. M., Sorensen, J. B., & Beckman, C. M. (2002). Coming from good stock: Career histories and new venture formation. In M. Lounsbury & M. J. Ventresca (Eds.), Research in the sociology of organization (Vol. 19, pp. 229-262). Oxford, U.K.: Elsevier (JAI Press).
22. M. Diane Burton and Christine M. Beckman. Forthcoming. “Leaving a Legacy: Role
Imprints and Successor Turnover in Young Firms.” American Sociological Review.
23. Christine M. Beckman, M. Diane Burton and Charles O’Reilly. Forthcoming. “Early Teams: The Impact of Team Demography of VC Financing and Going Public.” Journal of Business Venturing.
24. James N. Baron, Michael T. Hannan and M. Diane Burton. 1999. “Building the Iron Cage: Determinants of Managerial Intensity in the Early Years of Organizations.” American Sociological Review, 64(4):527-547.
25.  Shane, S. (2001). Technological opportunities and new firm creation. Management Science, 47(2), 205-220.
26.  Shane, S. (2001). Technology regimes and new firm formation. Management Science, 47(9), 1173-1190.

1.3 Entrepreneurial labor markets: Economics - theory & empirical
27. Evans, David S., and Linda S. Leighton, 1989, Some empirical aspects of entrepreneurship, American Economic Review 79, 519-535.
28. Holmes, Thomas J., and James A. Schmitz, Jr., On the turnover of business firms and business managers, Journal of Political Economy 103, 1005-38.
29. Dobrev, Stanislov and William Barnett. Organizational Roles and Transition to Entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Journal, June 2005, Vol. 48, No. 3, 433-449
30. Murphy, Kevin M., Andrei Shleifer, and Robert W. Vishny, 1991, The allocation of talent: Implications for growth, Quarterly Journal of Economics 106, 503-530.
31. Davis, Steven J., John Haltinwanger, and Scott Schuh, 1996, Job creation and destruction, Cambridge, MIT Press, chapters TBD.

1.4 Behavioral entrepreneurship
32. Bernardo, Antonio, and I vo Welch, 2001, On the evolution of overconfidence and entreprenurship, Journal of Economics & Management Strategy 10, 301-30.
33. Camerer, Colin F., and Dan Lovallo, 1999, Overconfidence and excess entry: An experimental approach, American Economic Review 89, 306-18.
34. Landier, Augustin, and David Thesmar, 2003, Contracting with optimistic entrepreneurs: theory and evidence, University of Chicago.
35. Shane, S. (2000). "Prior Knowledge and the Discovery of Entrepreneurial Opportunities."
Organization Science, 11(4): 448-469.

1.5 Entrepreneurship and firm dynamics

1.5.1 Entrepreneurship and industry evolution
36. Cabral, Luis M.B., and Jose Mata, 2003, On the evolution of firm size distribution: facts and theory, American Economic Review 93, 1075-90.
37. Caves, Richard E., 1998, Industrial organization and new findings on the turnover and mobility of firms, Journal of Economic Literature 36, 1947-82.
38. Klepper, Steven, and Elizabeth Grady, 1990, The evolution of new industries and the determinants of market structure, Rand Journal of Economics 21, 27-44.
39. Bresnahan, T. and P.  Reiss, "Entry and Competition in Concentrated Markets," Journal of
Political Economy, vol. 99, October, 1991, pp. 977-1009.
40. Caves, R. and M. Porter. "From Entry Barriers to Mobility Barriers: Conjectural Decisions and
Contrived Deterrence to New Competition," Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 91, 1977, pp. 241-261.
41. Acs, Z. J. and David B. Audretsch (1988), "Innovation in Large and Small Firms: An Empirical Analysis", American Economic Review, Vol. 78, No. 4 (Sep).

1.5.2 Human Resources, Entrepreneurship, and Organizational Methods
42. Baron, J. N., M. T. Hannan, et al. (2001). "Labor pains: Change in organizational models and employee turnover in young, high-tech firms." American Journal of Sociology 106(4): 960-1012.
43. Eisenhardt, K. M. and C. B. Schoonhoven (1990). "Organizational growth: Linking founding team, strategy, environment, and growth among U.S. semiconductor ventures, 1978-1988." Administrative Science Quarterly 35: 504-529.
44. Gimeno, J., T. B. Folta, et al. (1997). "Survival of the fittest? Entrepreneurial human capital and the persistence of underperforming firms." Administrative Science Quarterly 42(4): 750-783.
45. Smith, N. R. and J. B. Miner (1983). "Type of entrepreneur, type of firm, and managerial motivation: Implications for organizational life cycle theory." Strategic Management Journal 4(4): 325-340.
46. Meyer, M. H., & Roberts, E. B. (1986). New product strategy in small technology-based firms - a pilot-study. Management Science, 32(7), 806-821.
47. Burton, D. M. 2001. “The Company They Keep: Founders’ Models for Organizing New Firms.” pp. 13-39 in Claudia B. Schoonhoven and Elaine Romanelli (Eds.) The Entrepreneurship Dynamic: Origins of Entrepreneurship and the Evolution of Industries. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
48. Aldrich, H. and C. M. Fiol (1994). "Fools Rush In? The Institutional Context of Industry Creation." Academy of Management Review, 19(4): 645-670.
49. Stinchcombe, A. (1965). “Social structure and organizations” in Handbook of Organizations. J. March, ed., Chicago: Rand McNally.
50. Aldrich, H. (1999). Organizations evolving. London; Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Ch. 3-4.
51. The Demography of Corporations and Industries. Glenn R. Carroll and Michael T. Hannan. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.
52. Carroll, Glenn R.(1985) “Concentration and specialization: Dynamics of niche width in populations of organizations”. American Journal of Sociology 90: 1262-1283.

1.6 Entrepreneurial Finance
53. Fluck, Zsuzsanna, Douglas Holtz-Eakin, and Harvey S. Rosen, 1998, Where does the money come from? The financing of small entrepreneurial enterprises, Working Paper no. 191, Center for Policy Research, Syracuse University.
54. Gentry, William M., and R. Glenn Hubbard, 2000, Entrepreneurship and household saving, Advances in Economic Analysis and Policy 4, article #1053.
55. Gompers, Paul A., 1995, Optimal investment, monitoring, and the staging of venture capital, Journal of Finance 50, 1461-1490.
56. Gompers, Paul A., and Josh Lerner, 1999, The Venture Capital Cycle, Cambridge: MIT Press, chapters 1, 2, 6, 10, and 15.
57. Kaplan, Steven N., and Per Strömberg, 2000, Financial contracting theory meets the real world: An empirical analysis of venture capital contracts, Review of Economic Studies, 70, 281-315.
58. Evans, David S., and Boyan Jovanovic, 1989, An estimated model of entrepreneurial choice under liquidity constraints, Journal of Political Economy 97, 808-827.

2. Foundations in Management of Technology

2.1 Overviews
59. Granstrand, O. (1998). Towards a theory of the technology-based firm. Research Policy, 27(5), 465-489.
60. Pavitt, K. (1984). Sectoral patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory. Research Policy, 13(6), 343-373.
61. Roberts, E. B. (1988). What we've learned: Managing invention and innovation. Research- Technology Management, 31(1), 11-29.
62. Rosenberg, N. (1982). Inside the black box: Technology and economics. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]; New York: Cambridge University Press.
63. Mowery, D. C. and N. Rosenberg, 1998.  “The Institutionalization of Innovation, 1900-1990,” Chapter 2 in D. C. Mowery and N. Rosenberg, (eds.), Paths of Innovation: Technological Change in 20th-Century America, Cambridge University Press.
64. Utterback, J. M. (1994). Mastering the dynamics of innovation: How companies can seize opportunities in the face of technological change. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.
65. Van de Ven, A. H. (1986). Central problems in the management of innovation. Management Science, 32(5), 590-607.
66. von Hippel, E. (1988). The sources of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.

2.1.1    Economic Perspectives –IO/Contract Theory/Organizational Economics
67. David, P. A. (1985). Clio and the economics of qwerty. American Economic Review, 75(2), 332-337.
68.  Nelson, R. R. (1995). Recent evolutionary theorizing about economic-change. Journal of Economic Literature, 33(1), 48-90.
69.  Nelson, R. R., & Winter, S. G. (1982). An evolutionary theory of economic change. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Chapter 5
70.  Milgrom, P. (1988), “Employment Contracts, Influence Activities and Efficient Organization Design,” Journal of Political Economy, 96(1):42-60.
71.  Grossman, S. and O. Hart (1983), “An Analysis of the Principal-Agent Problem,” Econometrica, 51(1): 7-45.
72.  Lerner, Josh, 1997, An empirical exploration of a technology race, Rand Journal of Economics 28, 228-247.
73. Henderson, R., & Cockburn, I. (1996). Scale, scope, and spillovers: The determinants of research productivity in drug discovery. Rand Journal of Economics, 27(1), 32-59.
74.  Scherer, F.M., 1980.  “Market Structure and Technological Innovation,” Chapter 15 in Industrial Market Structure and Economic Performance, Rand McNally College Publishing Company, Chicago, IL.
75. Cockburn, I., and R. Henderson, 1998.  “Absorptive Capacity, Coauthoring Behavior, and the
Organization of Research in Drug Discovery,” Journal of Industrial Economics, 46, 2, 157-182.
76.   B. Holmstrom, “Managerial Incentive Problems – A Dynamic Perspective,” Review of Economic Studies 66 (1999) pp. 169-182.
77. Z. Griliches, “Hybrid Corn: An Exploration in the Economics of Technological Change,"Econometrica 25 (4) (October 1957), pp. 510-522.

2.2 Patterns of Technological Change & Industry Evolutionary Dynamics
78. Freeman, Christopher. The Economics of Industrial Innovation, 3rd edn. (co-author with Luc Soete), Pinter, London, 1997.
79. Adner, R., & Levinthal, D. (2001). Demand heterogeneity and technology evolution: Implications for product and process innovation. Management Science, 47(5), 611-628.
80. Clark, K. B. (1985). The interaction of design hierarchies and market concepts in technological evolution. Research Policy, 14(5), 235-251.
81. Dosi, G. (1982). Technological paradigms and technological trajectories - a suggested interpretation of the determinants and directions of technical change. Research Policy, 11(3), 147-162.
82. Barley, S., 1986.  “Technology as an Occasion for Structuring: Evidence from Observation of CT Scanners and the Social Order of Radiology Departments,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 31, 78-108.
83. Henderson, R. (1995). Of life-cycles real and imaginary - the unexpectedly long old-age of optical lithography. Research Policy, 24(4), 631-643.
84.  Kuhn, T. S. (1970). The structure of scientific revolutions ([2d ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
85.  Nelson, R. R., & Winter, S. G. (1977). Search for a useful theory of innovation. Research Policy, 6(1), 36-76.
86.  Suarez, F. F. (2004). Battles for technological dominance: An integrative framework. Research Policy, 33(2), 271-286.
87.  Tushman, M. L., & Anderson, P. (1986). Technological discontinuities and organizational environments. Administrative Science Quarterly, 31(3), 439-465.
88.  Cohen, W. M., & Levin, R. C. (1989). Empirical studies of innovation and market structure. In R. Schmalensee & R. D. Willig (Eds.), Handbook of industrial organization (pp. 2 v. (xxvi, 1555 p.)). New York, N.Y.: Elsevier Science Pub. Co.
89.  Levin, R. C., & Reiss, P. C. (1984). Test of a schumpeterian model of R&D and market structure. In Z. Griliches & National Bureau of Economic Research. (Eds.), R & d, patents, and productivity (pp. xi, 512 p.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

2.3 Product Development
90.  Brown, S. L., & Eisenhardt, K. M. (1995). Product development - past research, present findings, and future-directions. Academy of Management Review, 20(2), 343-378.
91.  Cusumano, M. A., & Nobeoka, K. (1992). Strategy, structure and performance in product development - observations from the auto industry. Research Policy, 21(3), 265-293.
92.  Leonard-Barton, D. (1992). Core capabilities and core rigidities: A paradox in managing new product development. Strategic Management Journal, 13, 111-125.
93.  Tegarden, L. F., Hatfield, D. E., & Echols, A. E. (1999). Doomed from the start: What is the value of selecting a future dominant design? Strategic Management Journal, 20(6), 495-518.
94.  Uhlrich, Karl T. and Steven D. Eppinger, Product Design and Development, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994
95.  Sanderson, S. and M. Uzumeri, 1995, Managing product Families: the Case of the Sony Walkman, Research Policy, 24, 5, 761-782.

2.3.1 Innovation in Services
96.  Metcalfe, J Stanley and Ian Miles, eds. (2000) Innovation Systems in the Service Economy
Boston and London: Kluwer Academic Publishers
97.  Bitran, G.; Lojo, M.  A Framework for Analyzing the Quality of the Customer Interface.
European Management Journal. 11(4): 385-396.
98.  Bitran, G.A.; Lojo, M.  A Framework for Analyzing Service Operations. European
Management Journal. 11(3): 271-282.

2.4 Intellectual Property
99. Trajtenberg, “A Penny for Your Quotes: Patent Citations and the Value of Innovations,” Rand Journal of Economics, 1990, pp. 172-187.
100.    Jaffe, Adam. "The U.S. patent system in transition: policy innovation and the innovation process", Research Policy, 29 (2000): 531-557.
101.    Kortum, S., J. Lerner. 1999. What is behind the recent surge in patenting? Research Policy, 28 1-22.
102.    Moser, Petra. How Do Patent Laws Influence Innovation? Evidence from Nineteenth- Century World's Fairs. American Economic Review. 2005 Volume:95: 1214-1236.
103.    M. Kremer, “Patent Buy-outs: A Mechanism for Encouraging Innovation,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, (November 1998), pp. 1137-1167.
104.    J. Green and S. Scotchmer, “On the Division of Profit in Sequential Innovation,” Rand Journal of Economics, 26 (Spring 1995), pp. 131-146.

2.5 Science and Innovation
105.    Murray, F. (2004). The role of academic inventors in entrepreneurial firms: Sharing the laboratory life. Research Policy, 33(4), 643-659.
106.    Murray, F. (2005). "Exchange Relationships & Cumulative Innovation: Standing on the Shoulders of the Oncomouse." Unpublished manuscript.
107.    Brooks, H. (1994). The relationship between science and technology. Research Policy, 23(5), 477-486.
108.    Fleming, L., & Sorenson, O. (2004). Science as a map in technological search. Strategic Management Journal, 25(8-9), 909-928.
109.    Kealey, T. (1998). Why science is endogenous: A debate with Paul David (and Ben Martin, Paul Romer, Chris Freeman, Luc Soete and Keith Pavitt). Research Policy, 26(7-8), 897-923.
110.    Mansfield, E. (1998). Academic research and industrial innovation: An update of empirical findings. Research Policy, 26(7-8), 773-776.
111.    Arrow, K. (1962). Economic welfare and the allocation of resources for invention. In NBER (Ed.), The rate and direction of inventive activity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
112.    Nelson, R. R. (1982). The role of knowledge in R&D efficiency. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 97(3), 453-470.
113.    Rosenberg, N. (1990). Why do firms do basic research with their own money. Research Policy, 19(2), 165-174.
114.    Rosenberg, N., & Nelson, R. R. (1994). American universities and technical advance in industry. Research Policy, 23(3), 323-348.
115.    Stokes, D. E. (1997). Pasteur's quadrant: Basic science and technological innovation. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press. (Chapter 2 and 3)

2.6 Industry Dynamics
116.Christensen, C. M., Suarez, F. F., & Utterback, J. M. (1998). Strategies for survival in fast- changing industries. Management Science, 44(12), S207-S220.
117.Rogers, Everett M. (1962). Diffusion of Innovations. New York, NY: New York: Free Press.
118.Jovanovic, B., & Macdonald, G. M. (1994). The life-cycle of a competitive industry. Journal of Political Economy, 102(2), 322-347.
119.Klepper, S. (1996). Entry, exit, growth, and innovation over the product life cycle. American Economic Review, 86(3), 562-583.
120.Klepper, S., & Simons, K. (1997). Technological extinctions of industrial firms: An enquiry into their nature and causes. Industrial and Corporate Change, 6(2), 379-460.
121.Lee, T., & Wilde, L. L. (1980). Market structure and innovation - reformulation. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 94(2), 429-436.
122.Utterback, J. M., & Suarez, F. F. (1993). Innovation, competition, and industry structure. Research Policy, 22(1), 1-21.
123.Hannan, M.T. (1987)."The Ecology of Organizational Founding: American Labor Unions, 1836-1985." (with John Freeman) American Journal of Sociology.
124.Carroll, G.R., L.S. Bigelow, M.D Seidel., & L.B.Tsai, (1996). The fates of de novo and de alio producers in the American automobile industry 1885-1981. Strategic Management Journal, 17,117-137.

2.6.1 Innovation and Learning
125. Nonaka, I. and H. Takeuchi, The Knowledge-Creating Company: How Japanese Companies Create the Dynamics of Innovation, Oxford University Press, 1995.
126.Cohen, W.M. and D.A. Levinthal, 1989.  “Innovation and Learning – The 2 faces of R&D,” Economic Journal, 99, 397, 569-596.
127.Cohen, W. and D. L. Levinthal, 1990.  “Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 1, 128-152.
128.Sorensen, J. and T. Stuart, 2000.  “Aging, Obsolescence, and Organizational Innovation,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 45, 81-112.
129.Argote and Epple, Learning curves in manufacturing. Science 247 (23 Feb 1990): 920-924
130.Arora and Gambardella, 1994, “Evaluating technological information and utilizing it”, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, pp. 91-114.
131.Paich, M., J.D. Sterman. 1993. Boom, bust, and failures to learn in experimental markets. Management Science, 39(12) 1439-1458.
132.Dushnitsky, G., M. Lenox. 2005. When do incumbents learn from entrepreneurial ventures?: Corporate venture capital and investing firm innovation rates. Research Policy, 34(5) 615-639.

2.7 Competition
133.Scherer, F.M. International high-technology competition :(Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1992) pp. 196
134.Rothwell,R.; Freeman,C.; Horlsey,A.; Jervis,V.T.P.; Robertson,A.B.; Townsend,J. “SAPPHO updated - project SAPPHO phase II.” Research Policy 1974/11 Volume:3 Issue:3, 258-291.
135.Tripsas, M. (1997). Unraveling the process of creative destruction: Complementary assets and incumbent survival in the typesetter industry. Strategic Management Journal, 18, 119-142.
136.Tripsas, M., & Gavetti, G. (2000). Capabilities, cognition, and inertia: Evidence from digital imaging. Strategic Management Journal, 21(10-11), 1147-1161.
137.Azoulay and Shane 2001. Entrepreneurs, Contracts, and the Failure of Young Firms. Management Science; 47 (3), 3 2001, 337–58.
138.Teece, D. "Profiting from Technological Innovation: Implications for Integration, Collaboration, Licensing, and Public Policy," Research Policy, vol. 15, 1986, pp. 285-305.
139.Sull, D. N., R. S. Tedlow and R. S. Rosenbloom, 1997.  “Managerial commitments and technological change in the US tire industry,” Industrial and Corporate Change, 6, 2, 641-501.
140.Teece, D. J., G. Pisano, and A. Shuen, 1997.  “Dynamic capabilities and strategic management,” Strategic Management Journal, 18, 7, 509-533.
141.Wernerfelt,Birger. A Resource-based View of the Firm. Strategic Management Journal. 1984. Apr-Jun 5(2): 171
142.Gans, Joshua, and Scott Stern, 2003, The product market and the market for “ideas”:
commercialization strategies for technology entrepreneurs, Research Policy 32, 333-350.
143.Cusumano, M. A., Mylonadis, Y., & Rosenbloom, R. S. (1992). Strategic maneuvering and mass-market dynamics - the triumph of VHS over Beta. Business History Review, 66(1), 51-94.
144.Gawer, A., & Cusumano, M. A. (2002). Platform leadership: How intel, microsoft, and cisco drive industry innovation. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.

2.8 Adaptation and the Failure of Firms as a Result of Technical Change
145.    Abernathy, W. J., & Clark, K. B. (1985). Innovation: Mapping the winds of creative destruction. Research Policy, 14(1), 3-22.
146.    Barnett, W. P., & Freeman, J. (2001). Too much of a good thing? Product proliferation and organizational failure. Organization Science, 12(5), 539-558.
147.    Christensen, C. M., & Bower, J. L. (1996). Customer power, strategic investment, and the failure of leading firms. Strategic Management Journal, 17(3), 197-218.
148.    Christensen, C. M., & Rosenbloom, R. S. (1995). Explaining the attackers advantage: Technological paradigms, organizational dynamics, and the value network. Research Policy, 24(2), 233-257.
149.    Greve, H. R., & Taylor, A. (2000). Innovations as catalysts for organizational change: Shifts in organizational cognition and search. Administrative Science Quarterly, 45(1), 54-80.
150.    Haveman, Heather A. 1993. “Follow The Leader - Mimetic Isomorphism And Entry Into
New Markets.” Administrative Science Quarterly 38 (4): 593-627
151.    Henderson, R. (1993). Underinvestment and incompetence as responses to radical innovation - evidence from the photolithographic alignment equipment industry. Rand Journal of Economics, 24(2), 248-270.
152.    Henderson, R. M., & Clark, K. B. (1990). Architectural innovation: The reconfiguration of existing product technologies and the failure of established firms. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(1), 9-30.
153.    Sastry, M. A. (1997). Problems and paradoxes in a model of punctuated organizational change. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42(2), 237-275.
154.    Tegarden, L. F., Hatfield, D. E., & Echols, A. E. (1999). Doomed from the start: What is the value of selecting a future dominant design? Strategic Management Journal, 20(6), 495-518.

2.9 Networks and Formal Contracts – Entrepreneurial and Technical
155.    Orsenigo, L., Pammolli, Massimo Riccaboni. Technological change and network dynamics: lessons from the pharmaceutical industry Source: Research policy. 2001 vol:30 iss:3 pg:485.
156.    Hagedoorn, J. Understanding the Rationale of Strategic Technology Partnering: Interorganizational Modes of Cooperation and Sectoral Differences Strategic management journal. yr:1993 vol:14 iss:5 pg:371.
157.    Arora, A., Fosfuri, A., & Gambardella, A. (2001). Markets for technology and their implications for corporate strategy. Industrial and Corporate Change, 10, 419-451.
158.    Gambardella, A. (1992). Competitive advantages from in-house scientific-research - the united-states pharmaceutical-industry in the 1980s. Research Policy, 21(5), 391-407.
159.    Gulati, Ranjay, and Monica C. Higgins, 2003, Which ties matter when? The contingent effects of interorganizational partnerships on IPO success, Strategic Management Journal 24, 127-144.
160.    Sorenson, Jesper and Olav Sorenson, 2003, From conception to birth: Opportunity perception and resource mobilization in entrepreneurship, Advances in Strategic Management 20, 71-89.
161.    Stuart, Toby E., Ha Hoang, and Ralph C. Hybels, 1999, Interorganizational endorsements and the performance of entrepreneurial ventures, Administrative Science Quarterly 44, 315-349.
162.    Powell, W., 1996.  “Inter-organizational collaboration in the biotechnology industry,” Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 152, 1, 197-215.
163.    Lerner, Josh and Robert Merges. 1998. “The Control of Technology Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of the Biotechnology Industry.” Journal of Industrial Economics 46: 125-56.
164.    Almeida, P. and B. Kogut, 1999.  “Localization of Knowledge and the Mobility of Engineers in Regional Networks,” Management Science, 45, 7.
165.    Roberts, E. B. and C. A. Berry, 1985.  “Entering New Businesses: Selecting Strategies for Success,” Sloan Management Review, 26, 3, 3-17.  Reprinted in M. Tushman and P. Anderson (eds.), 1997, Managing Strategic Innovation and Change: A Collection of Readings, Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
166.    Saxenian, A. L. (1991). The origins and dynamics of production networks in silicon valley. Research Policy, 20(5), 423-437.
167.    Hoang, Ha, and Bostjan Antoncic. 2003. "Network-based research in entrepreneurship: A critical review." Journal of Business Venturing 18, no. 2: 165.
168.    Shane, S., and D. Cable, 2002, Network ties, reputation, and the financing of new ventures, Management Science 48, 364-381.
169.    Ruef, M., Aldrich, H., and Carter, N. 2003. The structure of founding teams: Homophily, strong ties and isolation among US entrepreneurs. American Sociological Review, 68(2): 195-222.
170.Mowery, D.C., 1983.  “The Relationship between intrafirm and contractual forms of Industrial
Research in American Manufacturing, 1900-1940,” Explorations in Economic History, 20, 4, 351-374.

2.10 Human Side of Technological Innovation
171.    Allen, T.J. & Henn, G. (2006)  The Organization and Architecture of Innovation: Managing the Flow of Technology. Butterworth-Heinemann.
172.    Katz, R., & Allen, T. J. (1985). Project performance and the locus of influence in the R&D matrix. Academy of Management Journal, 28(1), 67-87.
173.    Allen, T. J. (1977). Managing the flow of technology: Technology transfer and the dissemination of technological information within the R&D organization. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Chapter 3: The communication system in technology
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